Platelet Rich Fibrin and
Platelet Rich Plasma
What are platelet rich fibrin and platelet rich plasma, and why do we recommend their use?
This question might best be answered by another question……one that we ask our patients that are planning to have tooth extraction, wisdom tooth extraction, implants, bone grafting or gum grafting procedures with us.
The question is this:
If you could do something that was scientifically proven to enhance your body’s own healing and regeneration systems, that would decrease your chances of having post operative complications and help attain better healing and better results for your dental surgery, that was safe and did not require any medicines, chemicals, or donor cells other than having a small amount of your own blood drawn, and that was relatively inexpensive — would you want to do that?
It sounds almost too good to be true, and yet this could serve as a description and rationale of the use of platelet rich plasma and platelet rich fibrin in our practice.
Platelet rich plasma is a liquid form, and platelet rich fibrin is a gelled membrane form of the products that we make from a small quantity of blood that we take from the patient just before their dental procedure. This blood is drawn in test tubes and then spun in a centrifuge which separates the blood into it’s individual components: 1. plasma, 2. red blood cells and 3. a small but very concentrated quantity of white blood cells and platelets called the buffy coat. It’s this buffy coat layer that contains the healing and growth factors that we use to enhance healing.
These products, processed from your own blood are then immediately placed into the surgical site. The scientifically proven positive effects of this procedure include better and faster soft tissue (gums) and hard tissue (bone) healing and regeneration. Because the healing occurs faster than usual, there is less chance of infection, dry socket, failed implants or failed grafting. These procedures are especially helpful to those who otherwise might have impaired healing such as diabetics , smokers, and others with chronic or acute conditions which can interfere with healing.
Is this procedure new to dentistry?
The procedure is widely used in medicine for such things as heart surgery, orthopedics, oral and maxillofacial surgery, plastic surgery, dermatology……just to name a few. The dental industry is just beginning to realize the amazing benefits. We use a simple and inexpensive technique so that we can pass these savings on to our patients. Research has shown that our procedure is probably more effective in concentrating growth factors than many of the other more expensive techniques.